Sources for population:
Part of the 'Summits' series by Professor David Reynolds, this outstanding documentary covers the crisis of 1938 in superb detail. It will be of considerable use to students of the period and the events that shaped it. See also "Britain and Appeasement" on my channel. Uploaded for educational purposes only.
http://www.intelligencesquared.com/events/neville-chamberlain/ If ever a politician got a bum rap it's Neville Chamberlain. He has gone down in history as the British prime minster whose policy of appeasement in the 1930s allowed the Nazis to flourish unopposed. He has never been forgiven for ceding part of Czechoslovakia to Hitler in the Munich Agreement of September 1938, and for returning home triumphantly declaring "peace for our time". The very word "appeasement" is now synonymous with him, signifying a craven refusal to stand up to bullies and aggressors. What a contrast to Winston Churchill, the man who took over as prime minister and who has ever since been credited with restoring Britain's backbone. But is the standard verdict on Chamberlain a fair one? After all, memories of the slaughter of the First World War were still fresh in the minds of the British, who were desperate to avoid another conflagration. And anyway what choice did Chamberlain have in 1938? There's a good case for arguing that the delay in hostilities engineered at Munich allowed time for military and air power to be strengthened.
World War II: The Complete History Episode 02of13 "End of Illusion" Hitler systematically overthrows the Versailles Treaty, then targets weaker Poland and Czechoslovakia, while public mood swings from appeasement to opposition.
http://protectacow.typepad.com/prabhupada/ 731212mw.la Conversations Prabhupada: ...two classes of men: the communist and the non-communist. Not exactly communist and capitalist, but communist and non-communist. Out of these two, the communists are going to be powerful. This is the world tendency. So if the world becomes full of communists, then the human civilization will be finished. All rogues and rascals, that's all. The American government wants to check this tendency. But they cannot check it if they remain "so-called trust in God." That will not be possible. So according to our proposition... Not only now, it is forever. Two classes of men are there: sura and asura. Surasura. Visnu-bhakto bhaved devah. Deva and sura, the same thing. Asuras tad viparyayah. And the asura, or the demons, godless. So if the Americans remain godless in the name of so-called trust in God, they will not be able to check this communistic movement. They will not be able. Now, if they are serious to check this communistic movement, save the American country as well as the whole world, then they must be very serious to understand what is God and what is trust in God. Otherwise this communistic movement will finish the civilized human society. So you are thoughtful. They must be very serious about it. And this is the only movement, Krsna consciousness, which can make all people actually trust in God and explain what is meant by God. Demons, they... If the communists are demons and the capitalists are also demons, fighting between demons, there will be war and loss of life, but nobody will come out victorious. That is going on. There is occasional world war, but the situation of the world remains the same. No party has become able to change the situation of the world.
In September 1937, Mussolini visited Germany. Hitler put on a major display of military power for Mussolini and by the end of the visit, Mussolini became convinced that Germany was the power he should ally with. He was sure that an alliance with Germany would lead to Italy becoming more powerful throughout Europe. As Germany had left the League of Nations in 1933, so Mussolini left the League in 1937 after the League had imposed economic sanctions on Italy for the invasion of Abyssinia. In 1938, Germany occupied Austria in the Anschluss (forbidden by Versailles). Hitler did not forewarn Mussolini about what he was going to do and this upset Mussolinis belief that he was an equal partner. However, there was nothing Mussolini could do about the Nazi occupation of Austria and it was clear from 1938 on that Mussolini was definitely the minor partner in the relationship. However, Mussolini achieved real fame for the part he played in the Munich agreement of September 1938. War seemed a real possibility in the autumn of 1938. The major powers took the opportunity to meet in Munich an idea suggested by Mussolini. The outcome was the "Piece of Paper" which at the time seemed to everyone to guarantee European peace. Mussolini got the credit for this. After Munich, Mussolinis reputation was at its peak. To many he seemed to be Europes saviour a reputation that he assumed made him Europes premier statesman. Hitlers invasion of Czechoslovakia in March 1939 angered Mussolini because it was clear that Germany was carving out its own empire and Italy was not. To compensate for this, Mussolini took over Albania on Good Friday 1939. To him, this was a sign of Italys expanding power in Europe. King Victor Emmanuel was offered the title of King of Albania. Italian propaganda made a great deal out of this but in reality Albania had been under the influence of Italy for years and this was barely an Italian military success. Mussolini made it clear to Hitler that he expected Italy to have the Adriatic Sea as a sphere of influence. In May 1939, the Germans and Italians cemented their friendship with the Pact of Steel. This pact committed both countries to support the other if one of them became involved in a war. The Italian Foreign Minister, Galleazo Ciano, Mussolinis son-in-law, realised that this pact was potentially very damaging for Italy but Mussolini was more concerned with the prestige of allying with Europes most potent power rather than the politics of it. Mussolini also considered that Hitlers Non-Aggression Pact with Communist Russia meant that somehow that involved Italy and he saw it as a three-nation treaty though Italy never signed it (nor was Italy even told that it was going to take place).
Created by Sal Khan. Practice this yourself on Khan Academy right now: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/world-history/euro-hist/hitler-nazis/e/adolf-hitler?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=worldhistory Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/world-history/euro-hist/mussolini-fascism/v/fascism-and-mussolini?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=worldhistory Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/world-history/euro-hist/hitler-nazis/v/night-of-the-long-knives?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=worldhistory World history on Khan Academy: From the earliest civilizations to the modern world, geography, religion, trade, and politics have bound peoples and nations together — and torn them apart. Take a journey through time and space and discover the fascinating history behind the complex world we inhabit today. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s World History channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6KRvvmvkCchFMo2EJ-3Arg?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Bibliography: (2001) E.M Robertson, "Hitler's Pre-War Policy and Military Plans: 1933-1939" (1973) W. Carr, "Arms, Autarky and Aggression" (2001) J.M Roberts, "Europe: 1880-1945" (1983) W.J Mommsen "The Fascist Challenge and the Policy of Appeasement" (1975) R. Ovendale, "Appeasement and the English Speaking World" (2007) M. Howard, "The First World War: A Very Short Introduction" (2004) D. Stevenson, "1914-1918: The History of The First World War" (1939) R.W Seton Watson, "Munich and the Dictators" (1966) J.W Wheeler-Bennett, "Munich, Prologue to Tragedy" "Neville Chamberlin Appeasement and Czechoslovakia": "http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_LFTYRayzY http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/43662/gerhard-l-weinberg/munich-after-50-years http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Rist Written format: http://inhistorics.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/why-appease-hitler.html
Presenting the top 5 strangest historical photos from World War II. Subscribe for new Dark5 ►► http://bit.ly/dark5 These are the strangest, most mysterious photos from World War II, including a fighter plane outfitted to deliver beer, to a child wearing a creepy Disney approved Mickey Mouse gas mask to a potential UFO sighting. Like Dark5 on Facebook ► http://bit.ly/Dark5FB Follow Dark5 on Twitter ► http://bit.ly/Dark5Tweets Dark5 is a curated repository of documentary knowledge featuring the darkest, strangest, weirdest, scariest and most amazing of science, science fiction, history, technology and horror. Within you'll encounter paranormal top 5 lists including the most mysterious photos that cannot be explained, mysterious creatures caught on tape, secret conspiracies, unexplained videos, aliens, UFOs and the creepiest monsters real and imagined.